Sunday, February 3, 2013

Targu Mures- The Palace of Culture

The competition for building the Cultural Palace was won by Komor and Jakab with their two-floor plan. Only later to the request of mayor Bernády György the construction was expanded to 3 floors. Construction started in 1911 and lasted until 1913 when the inside decorations were completed. On the window glasses there are illustrated sequences from Hungarian legends. The roof is decorated with blue, ruddy and white tiles. On the main façade the statues and the embossments are in bronze. The Mirrors Hall can be found on the first floor of the building, and on the balustrades of the windows the portraits of Kazinczy Ferenc, Tompa Mihály, Kemény Zsigmond and more. The most interesting and visited part of the Palace is the Mirrors Hall, which is above the entrance hall. Above the 'quartet' gate the bronze embossments of Szent Erzsébet, Bolyai János and Bolyai Farkas,ArankaGyörgy and Bánk bán of Erkel Ferenc can be seen.

The inside of the palace housed the City Cinema between 1913 and 1957, the first Romanian Theatre School between 1934 and 1940, the State Theatre between 1946 and 1973, the Fine Arts and Music Secondary School between 1949 and 1970, the Academy of Fine Arts between 1932 and 1949 and the County House for Guidance of Folkloric Creation between 1950 and 1999. The Palace has also been home to the County Library since 1913

Architects Komor Marcell and Jakab Dezso were the designer of one of the most representative buildings of the Transylvanian Secession. Built in the style of Lechner school (upon initiative of Mayor Dr. Bernady Gyorgy between 1911-1913) the place impresses both through its external and internal decorations.
In the harmonious aspect of the whole, the Majolica roof manufactured at Zsolnai factories in Pecs, Hungary, as well as the monumental inlay carried out according to the plans of painter Korosfoi-Kriesch Aladar stand out ; further, the bas relief's executed by master Kallos Ede dominating the front of the building, as well as Korosfoi-Kriesch Aladar’s frescoes inside, and the stained glass windows of masters Nagy Sandor and Thoroczkai-Wigand Ede, worked by Roth Miksa. The internal decorations are made from original, invaluable materials: the impressive internal hall – 45 meters long – is made from Italian marble of Carrara, framed by two Venetian mirrors. The two mythology frescoes dominating the hall are remarkable.
Nowadays the Palace of Culture is mostly host of several culture institutions (the State Philharmonic Orchestra, the County Library, the Art Museum, the Art Galleries, the permanent History Museum etc. )

Sources: wikipedia and

All the cards are new.

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